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Tower of London on the Northern Bank of River Thames serves as a palace, zoo and a prison.

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Tower of London

Tower of London

The Tower of London is a historical monument located in central London on the Northern bank of River Thames and within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. The Tower Wharf, a walkway between the river and the Tower offers breathtaking views of the river, tower and bridge, HMS Belfast and London City Hall on the opposite bank.

The complex consisting of twenty towers was constructed in the starting of the 11th century to guard London against intruders and to impress the supremacy of sovereignty over the newly conquered country. This complex of towers is set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat.

The central tower, a stark square fortress, known as the White Tower was built in 1078, by William the Conqueror. Constructed of white stones, the tower is 27.4 metres tall and 4.6 metres wide.

The Tower of London, designed by Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester, fulfilled many functions. It served as a palace, a fortress, a prison for the royalty, a place of torture and execution, a treasury, an armoury, a zoo, an observatory, a public records office, the Royal Mint and the Home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.

The Crown Jewels belonging to the Royal family are displayed at the Tower of London since the year of King Charles II, who wanted to impress his subjects with his power and wealth. Displayed among the collection is the impressive Imperial State Crown, studded with 3250 gemstones, that was made for Queen Victoria.

One of the largest in the world, the Royal Armouries is the oldest museum of weapons in England displaying the armouries of King Hendrik the VIII that includes the Indian elephant shield confiscated by Clive in 1757 along with Asian and Islamic weapons.

Visiting the Tower of London:

Address: Tower Hill, Tower Hamlets, London, EC3N 4AB

Telephon: 0870 756 7070

Cost: £17.00 (Adults), £14.50 (Concs), £9.50 (Children), Free (Children under 5), £47.00 (Family), £41.00 (Annual membership)

Time:
Summer Opening Times: 9:00 - 17:30 (Tue - Sat), 10:00 - 17:30 (Sun - Mon), 17:00 (Last admission)
Winter Opening Times: 9:00 - 16:30 (Tue - Sat), 10:00 - 16:30 (Sun - Mon), 16:00 (Last admission)

Nearest Underground Stations:
Tower Hill Tube (3 minutes)
Monument Tube (10 minutes)

For more information on the Tower of London, please visit: www.hrp.org.uk/toweroflondon/

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Watch the Imperial State Crown of Queen Victoria & the Crown Jewels of the Royal family at the Tower of London!